Calendar Facts and Information
Months of the Year : Have
you ever looked at the calendar and wondered where the names
of the months came from? The origins of our calendar came
from the old Roman practice of starting each month on a
new moon. The Roman book - keepers would keep their records
in a ledger called a "kalendarium" and this is
where we get the word - Calendar.
original Roman Calendar was 304 days long and had 10 months
that began with March. December marked the end of the calendar
year. The months of January and February were set aside
for festivals. It was Julius Caesar who reorganized the
calendar year to start with the month of January.
- Named for the Roman god of beginnings and endings - Janus.
- Named after Julius Caesar, who was born in this month.
- Name comes from the god Februus. Romans celebrated this month
with purification festivals called "februa"
- Named for Augustus, the Roman emperor. Originally it was called
Sextilis for the 6th month of the Roman calendar.
- Named for the Roman god of war - Mars, son of Jupiter. This
was the first month of the Roman calendar.
- Comes from the word septem - meaning seven.
- The name comes from the word "aperire" which means
"to open" - this is the month when the trees and flower
- Comes from the word octo - meaning eight.
- Named after the Roman goddess of honor and reverence - Maiesta
- Comes from the word novem - meaning nine.
- Named for the Roman Queen of the gods - Juno, who was married
- Comes from the word decem - meaning ten.
remember how many days in each month? Try out this poem about the months
of the year:
days hath September,
April, June and November
All the rest have thirty one,
excepting only February
Which hath but twenty eight days clear
And twenty nine in each leap year.
Days of the Week : The
days of the week are named after the 7 planets:
the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn
- Sun for the latin "Solis" - in
old English "Sunnandaeg"
This is known as the Sun's day.
- the Moon for the latin "Lunae" - old
known as the Moon's day.
- Mars for the latin "Martis" - old
This was named for Mars - god of wars. Western culture used the warrior
- Mercury for the latin "Mercurii" - old
This was named for Mercury - god of peace. Western culture used the
- Jupiter for the latin "Jovis" - old
This was named for Jupiter - god of thunder. Western culture used
the god Thor.
- Venus for the latin "Veneris" - old
This was named for Venus - goddess of love. Western culture used the
- Saturn for the latin "Saturni" - old
This was named for Saturn
- god of planting and harvest. Saturn's day.
for the days of the week describes a child's qualities by the day the
were born on:
child is fair of face
Tuesday's child is full of grace
Wednesday's child is full of cheer
Thursday's child is sweet and dear
Friday's child is loving and kind
Saturday's child is happy all the time
Sunday's child is honest and true
But the sweetest child belongs to you.
Hours of the Day : The word hour comes from the Greek
word "hora" - which was used to mark a time or season.
The custom of marking day by a 24 hour system was invented
by the Babylonians. The method of marking an hour by 60 minutes
came from the Sumerians. Today we still use their way of marking
time by 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour.